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Interesting Facts About Indian Railways

India is a land of mysteries and wonders, and so is its railway system. We have collected some facts about Indian Railways, which are both interesting and informative.

First Trains

  • The first train ran between Bombay and Thane in 1853.
  • The first goods train of India started in 1837 between Red Hills and Chintadripet Bridge (Tamil Nadu) for transporting granite.
  • The first electric train of the country started in 1925 between Bombay and Kurla.
  • The first bullet train will commence from 2022.
  • The first underwater train is located in Kolkata, running 1,500 feet under Hooghly River between Howrah Station and Mahakaran.
  • The first suburban railway system of the country is the Mumbai Suburban railway network.
  • The oldest train of the country, which is still in use, is the Fairy Queen of 1855.


  • The fastest train of the country is New Delhi – Bhopal Shatabdi Express, running at the speed of 150 km per hour.
  • Shortly, Train 18 will hit the tracks with a speed of 200 kilometers per hour.
  • The slowest train is the Nilgiri Passenger Express, with an average speed of just 10 kilometers per hour.


  • The train with the longest route is the Vivek Express running between Dibrugarh and Kanyakumari covering more than 4200 km in 82.5 hours.
  • The shortest route is between Nagpur and Ajni, which is just three kilometers away.
  • The longest platform of the world is located in Gorakhpur railway station with a length of 1,366m.
  • The largest railway junction of the country is Mathura Junction.
  • The longest railway station name of the country is Sri Venatanarasimharajuvariipeta station of Andhra Pradesh. The shortest station name belongs to the Ib Railway station of Odisha.
  • The Howrah-Amritsar Express holds the record for having the maximum number of stops between the two destinations. It stops at 115 destinations before reaching the final station.
  • Trivandrum H. Nizamuddin Rajdhani Express runs for 528 km without a halting at a station.
  • The world's largest relay interlocking system is in New Delhi Main Station.
  • The longest railway bridge is the Vembanad bridge of Karala, running for 4.6 km.
  • The longest railway tunnel of the country is the PirPanjal Railway Tunnel of Jammu and Kashmir, running 11.2 km long.


  • The highest railway bridge is built over Chenab, higher than Eiffel tower.
  • The highest railway station is located in Ghum of Darjeeling.

Luxury Trains

  • The first luxury train in the country is Palace on Wheels.
  • The most expensive luxury train of the country is the Maharajas' Express.
  • The Indian Railway system has five luxury trains.

Size of the Indian Railway System

  • The track length of the railway system is more than 115 thousand kilometers.
  • This is the largest network in the continent and the third-largest in the country.
  • If the tracks are laid one behind another, the tracks will run around the earth 1.5 times.
  • The number of kilometers traveled by Indian railways every day is equal to 3/4th of the distance between Earth and Moon.
  • There are more than 7500 railway stations in the country.


  • Since its inauguration, the Indian trains did not have toilets for fifty years.
  • The first computer-based reservation system started in New Delhi in 1986.
  • The mobile app for Indian railways was introduced in 2014.


  • The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminal of Mumbai is voted as the most beautiful railway station in the country.
  • The Konkan railway route is voted as the most beautiful route of the Indian railway network.
  • The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminal and the Indian Mountain Railways are considered as world heritage sites.

Boundaries and Locations

  • The first trans-national train runs between Delhi and Lahore (Pakistan).
  • The Navapur Railway Station is built in two states. One part of the station is located in Maharashtra and the other in Gujarat.
  • Two railway stations Srirampur and Belapur railway stations are located at the same point, just opposite side of the track.


  • The frequency of the coaches suspension is kept at 72 bpm, similar to the normal heart rate. That's why people can sleep soundly on the train.
  • The electrical appliances of the train run at 110 volts, whereas the standard voltage requirement in India is 220 volt. This difference is maintained to avoid theft of the appliances, as it cannot be used elsewhere.


  • Indian Railway system spends 94 paise on every rupee it earns.
  • More than 1.6 million employees work under the Indian Railway board, making it the 9th largest employer of the world.

Apart from these, there are numerous other interesting facts like there is a train running as a hospital, the country has the continent's largest rail museum and so on. Trains are indeed, India's important cultural and economic elements.

Frequently Asked Questions


The largest and busiest railway station in the country is New Delhi railway station. It also holds the world record for having the largest inter-locking rail system.


The railway system started in 1853 by Lord Dalhousie, along with Hon. JaganathShunkerseth and Sri JamsetjeeJejeebhoy.


The second largest railway network of Asia is the Indian Railways (followed by China).


The shortest running train of the country is the Nagpur – Ajni train, which covers just 3 km between the destinations.


The oldest train of India still being operated is Chennai Mail (since 1864). The oldest steam locomotive of the world is Fairy Queen of India (1855), which was laid off for several years and now is operated as a heritage train.


The first train in India is Thomason, which ran in 1851, transporting materials for construction over Solani River. The first passenger trains are Sultan, Sahib, and Sindh, which ran between BoriBunder (Mumbai) and Thane in 1853.


Tejas Express is the first train managed by IRCTC, a part of Indian Railways. This is the first private train of the country.