Who Invented the First Train in the World ?
Trains are an efficient way of transport since the first modern civilization. They are not much in advance in the past. With the industrial revolution which gave birth to the industrial manufacturing resulted in the invention of trains. They are not less than the modern means of transport but are advanced into different forms like high-speed trains, metro trains and underwater trains.
Before the invention of gas, electricity or steam, trains were just simple which were even pulled by horses and bulls. This type of transportation is especially adopted by Greeks around 600 BC. You might feel wonder about the person who invented the train. There will be no single inventor of the train, because of the combination of several pieces of the technology.
History of Trains
Everyone is more interested in how the trains originated, developed and reached the present state. Many genuine efforts and hard work of the people resulted in the current generation of trains. In the past, trains used to run at a slow rate with simple designs. Before the invention of the steam engine, goods of Greece and Europe are transferred with the help of horses, which will look like simple train cars.
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The Idea of the Train
It is not an overnight idea, it is a result of the collaboration of many people. It took almost many generations to form the present structure of the train. Much before the arrival of the modern train, simple trains were used across Europe for the transportation of goods. The Idea of the train is not just from a single person, there are many basic results in the modern train.
Providing the most efficient way of transportation for carrying people and goods is the dream of many inventors. Modern-day train industry is a result of small inventions like the influx of inventors, industrialization and electricity. In the past, trains used to move on the roads, the main motive is to provide a smooth surface for efficient transportation.
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Understanding the Train Journey
Around 1st and 2nd millennia BC, the first simple train “wagonway” was seen. Persians, Babylonians and Assyrians had built the wheel ruts which was deliberately cut into the rock, for the successful working of these trains. These work perfectly fine without the need of controlling the steering or trajectory. Bulls and horses are being used for easy transportation with this road configuration.
Many civilizations had adopted the same technology that is wagonways for connecting the nearby pilgrim places and trading posts. A good wagonway named “Diolkos” was built in 600 BC using the idea of the wagonway train and is considered as the first railway in the railway history. The wagonways started to disappear from Europe with the fall of Greece rule.
When compared with road transportation, Wagonways which are pulled by horses are the most secure and faster transportation’s. There was still a feeling of dissatisfaction among the industrialist for the need of most automated and faster transport for the transfer of goods. Many attempts were made for the advancement of these trains, but only a few changes can be made for the streamlined travel.
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Revolution of Trains
The scenario of the trains completely changed with the introduction of the first stationary steam engine by Thomas Savery in the 17th Century. It is a great step in the history of trains. The functioning of the steam engine is quite less which can’t be used as a train engine. It nearly took 60 years for the transformation of the steam engine into a powerful train.
After a long time, the power of the steam engine is converted into circular motion in the year 1763 by taking the designs of Thomas Newcomen, Thomas Savery and James Watt who invented crankshaft. Most of the inventors started using steam engine into every invention like boats, cars and power trains of all the types and sizes. The concept of the steam engine allowed the motion to take place.
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Interesting Things about Trains
1. The first train was introduced by Greece in 6th Century BC, stone grooves are used for the transportation of boats with pushing men.
2. Horses can be used as a transport for railways is also invented by Greece.
3. Flange rail was invented by John Curr in the middle of the 18th century.
4. The First practical steam engine was invented by Thomas Newcomen for pumping water.
5. The coal transportation was invented by George Stephenson.
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Important Dates in the History of Trains
- In 1722, York Building company had built the Tranent-Cockenzie railways for the transportation of coal.
- In 1804, Richard Trevithick had built the first steam locomotive which is named as Pen-Y-Darren for the transportation of haul iron.
- In 1879, the first electric train was introduced for the trade of the Berlin Fair.
- In 1934, at the Chicago world fair, the first passenger diesel-powered streamline trains were introduced.
- In 2007, the high-speed trains which are travelling at a speed of 350 km/hr were introduced between Barcelona and Madrid.
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The major evolution which took place after the invention of steam engine includes Oliver Evan’s first high-pressure steam engine which was the became the peculiar part of the steam engine trains, Matthew Murray had invented the first locomotive powdered by steam, transportation of coal is made popular with the help of George Stephenson and train series was popularized by Richard Trevithick in London.
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